There were about 91,000 Germans captured at Stalingrad of which 5,000 to
6,000 survived to repatriation.
In September 1955, Chancellor Conrad Adenauer visited Moscow and sought
the release of the WWII prisoners. On September 14th, he held a press
"...The Soviet Government-Mr. Bulganin and Mr. Khrushchev-expressly
declared during the negotiations that the Soviet Union has no longer any German
prisoners of war, but only 9,626 convicted war criminals-as the put it.
"All of them will leave the Soviet Union in the near future. They will
partly be amnestied and released; as far as the Soviet Union believes that
really serious crimes were committed they will be extradited to Germany to be
treated according to the laws of our land. I think this will ease a lot of
grief=not only of those nearly 10,000 people here in the Soviet Union but also
of the numerous relatives in our home country. Now I may also inform you
that Prime Minister Bulganin said to me-and he authorized me to tell you
this-that the entire action will be under way even before we have arrived in Bonn..."